“One person, one vote: there is no simpler or more universally accepted notion of equality…In no other type of resource do we find this coincidence of justice with equality.”—Pierre Rosanvallon, The Society of Equals
I’ve studied the movements of Chiron and Pluto relative to each other over long stretches of time, and have found that the cycle they form tracks very closely with significant moments in American history.
I suspect this may be a phenomenon many nations have experienced—certainly a good study for some ambitious mundane astrologer with an international focus—but my research thus far has been confined to the U.S.
In fact, the Chiron-Pluto cycle was a significant player in the very formation of this nation—a reality that I explored in detail in a recent e-book, entitled Pluto’s Sibly Return: Revisiting Thomas Paine’s Common Sense for Transformational Times. In this post, however, I hope to briefly capture the significance of this cycle over the longer stretch of our history, and then to consider this cycle’s role in a chart for our quickly approaching November 3rd election.
We’ll revisit this election chart more than once between now and November 3rd, viewing it from different perspectives. It’s my feeling—after long years of watching election charts—that there are always conflicting stories embedded within them, and that it’s often difficult to get to the actual heart of what’s going on, especially if our main focus is on which candidate will come away the winner. So I tend to avoid naming winners and losers, even if I have my hunches--my main focus is on what's happening to the country during these tumultuous periods.
Chiron-Pluto in U.S. history
In any chart, personal or collective, Chiron signifies a sensitive area of unconscious or primal Woundedness, some ”Achilles heel “ that distorts the native’s Spirit and often hamstrings the flowering of his or her potential. When we wonder why, after a long string of relationships that start out well, but always seem to end up going sideways on us, we can’t seem to avoid the same old destructive choices, we’re often responding to Chiron’s impact on us.
The pain realized by the native under the sway of a Chironic wound is real and can be stubbornly resistant to change, as if the wound is simply “baked into” the person’s nature. The deep, “embedded” nature of this woundedness often reflects a relationship between Chiron and Pluto in the nativity. Within every such wound there lies a gift, however—it’s not uncommon for the healed (healing is always a work in progress) to become the healer others will seek out. These gifts may require navigating times of crisis during which our Wounds re-emerge with a vengeance; they may require years of intense therapy and depth work to unearth, but the results can be transformative for those who dare.
Those who dare (who must!) may be nations and other “official” collectives, of course, and the stakes for that healing quest are always alarmingly high. When a nation keeps cycling back into its darker possibilities—as the U.S. has certainly done in the periodic re-awakening of its tortured racist heritage—it is confronting its primal Woundedness. Here’s where the natural alliance between Chiron and Pluto becomes especially stark in U.S. history: slavery, slave-holding and the near genocide of indigenous populations provided the economic foundation for this nation to prosper and spread from “sea to shining sea,” but clearly, those origins also constitute the debilitating “original sin” of the United States.
This sin, of course, belies our foundational principles and haunts us as seriously today as it ever has. As with the relentless torment suffered by fire-bringer Prometheus, bound to a rock by the jealous Zeus so his Eagle could peck out Prometheus’s liver every day, only to regenerate and repeat the cycle forever, the Wound keeps getting ripped back open—as it surely will, until our Spirit as a nation finds a way through the Wound into wholeness. We can’t change our history (though Trump and others have been trying to rewrite the history books to basically deny our past)—the only way to truly heal is to work through the pain, the guilt and the responsibility in some kind of “truth and reconciliation” process.
In fact, in the wake of this past summer of despairing protest over the police killings of several unarmed black citizens, it’s clear that this original sin is crying out for a deeper, more serious healing effort than we’ve ever undertaken. This, when Pluto is nearing its return point in our radix U.S. Sibly chart (exact in February, 2022) and Chiron is in the final four years of its return to Sibly Chiron at 20°+Aries (exact in April, 2024). More on this interesting synchrony in future posts.
For now, let’s map out some key milestones of the Chiron-Pluto cycles in U.S. history. Perhaps because Chiron wasn’t even discovered until the 1970s, there has been little work done on how Chiron functions as part of an outer planetary cycle, but after studying how these two interact over long stretches of time, it’s clear to me that the usual dynamics of a cycle definitely apply to them. Both entities have eccentric orbits, which can make for irregular length cycles. For now, let’s briefly consider the timeline for the five cycle conjunctions that we might associate with U.S. history, including the one that preceded our liberation from Britain and was, I think, intimately involved in the success of that break (see e-book named above for much more on that).
· 11/28/1752 -- 8°+Sagittarius
· 1/29/1820 -- 25°+Pisces (more detail on this in Biwheel #1 below).
· 6/19/1883 – 00°+Gemini
· 7/18/1941 – 3°+Leo
· 12/30/1999 – 11°+Sagittarius
Notice that the duration of each cycle varies from 53 to 58 years—it takes Chiron approximately 51 years to orbit the Sun, but the erratic number of years both planets spend in any given sign impacts this timing. It’s worth noting here that each of the above cycles launched during significant moments in U.S. history—Chiron has not been a neutral bystander when it comes to our history, and I would argue that this cycle tends to reveal and force us to confront our national origins and “original Sin” in ways that no other planetary cycle does. Pluto—the “dragon” hoarding its treasure—speaks to our deep, chthonic roots and the resources we harbor in our national Soul. On that note, the 1752 cycle above (8°+Sagittarius)—significantly conjunct our eventual Sibly ASC—speaks to how fundamental issues of religion, philosophical idealism, Rule of Law and an aggressive spirit of expansionism laid the fertile groundwork for our entire history.
Notice that these Chiron-Pluto cycles have, with one exception, all launched in mutable signs. We have historically benefited from periods of instability and chaotic ferment, which can be creative, but they can also be disturbingly Darwinian. “Survival of the fittest” could be our national mantra, right up there with “E Pluribus Unum!” In Sagittarius, these two quite possibly inspired the entitled national attitude we’ve carried forever, so aptly reflected in the 1830s doctrine of Manifest Destiny. Aggressive expansionism (of power, influence, ownership) seems to have been baked into our national DNA from the get-go.
Considering we are now experiencing a return engagement of Chiron and Pluto in Sagittarius (we’re still in the first quarter of the 1999 cycle in that sign), it’s no wonder that the issues that have sprung from our history of aggressive behavior—oblivious to the horrors inflicted on slaves and indigenous peoples and their descendants—are calling out for healing.
Chiron-Pluto’s relevance today
Each of the cycles listed above provides us with grist for national Soul-searching, but for our purposes here today, the 1820 cycle—the first cycle after the break with Britain—is, in fact, pointedly relevant, and not just because today’s Nodal Axis (Gemini-Sagittarius) squares that cycle point. It was this cycle that encompassed the nation’s early expansionary years and the pre-Civil War tensions that shattered the Union, that “officially” ended slavery, witnessed the presidency and assassination of Abraham Lincoln, and during Reconstruction (early 1870s), undid many of his slave-related efforts.
Unfortunately, today’s intense divisiveness under a president who routinely tries to pit “Red” states against “Blue” states and supports active threats against public servants just trying to do their jobs, echoes loudly from that earlier era, which seems to have resurfaced with a vengeance during Election 2020—the question is, can we take something constructive away from that resurgence?
To dig a little deeper into such echoes in these final days before the Nov. 3 election, let’s briefly examine a biwheel for that 1820 cycle launch against the U.S. Sibly chart (Biwheel #1 below), and then follow up with a couple charts that expand upon what we find there. Finally, we’ll follow the thread of this Chiron-Pluto story forward into our consideration of a dawn chart for Election Day 2020.
Biwheel #1: (inner wheel) USA-(Sibly) chart, July 4, 1776, 5:10 p.m. LMT, Philadelphia, PA; (outer wheel) Chiron-0-Pluto 1820, January 29, 1820, 3:00 p.m. LMT, Washington, D.C.. Equal Houses, True Node. All charts cast, courtesy of Kepler 8.0 Cosmic Patterns software.
Chiron-Pluto-Saturn all conjoin over the Sibly 4th, opposite Sibly Neptune (Virgo), forming a Grand Mutable cross with Sibly Mars (Gemini) opposite transiting Uranus-Neptune (conjunct in Sagittarius). All of this describes an incredibly unstable period—reflected especially in the seriously waning 1650 Uranus-Neptune cycle (launched in Sagittarius) that was then causing all kinds of creative disruption in its final days (a new cycle launched in early Capricorn about a year after this Chiron-Pluto chart). Of course, expansionist times are, by definition, unstable—stability is not the point! The nation’s ideals (Neptune) were still gelling and starting to manifest in its actions, but the transition of Uranus-Neptune (in 1820 square Sibly Neptune) to Capricorn probably solidified the sense of national “destiny” to spread all over the continent—by militant force if necessary (Sibly Mars)—that Sagittarius energies so inspired early on.
By 1820, the mix of instability and ambition had reached a threshold of stressful (for some, it undoubtedly felt creative) divisiveness that threatened to “rock the [Virgo-Pisces] boat.” The “boat,” of course, was the tricky set of accommodations the Founders had made between slave-holding Colonies and free ones when they drafted the Constitution, giving slave-holders the right to count their slaves as three-fifths of one person each for the sake of apportioning State representatives. So the slaves—who had no voice in their own situations, much less the affairs of the nation—were used to inflate the power of slave-holding States in Congress and in the Electoral College. Meaning they provided their enslavers the power to keep them in chains. I can’t think of a better description of a Chiron-Pluto wound!
It’s quite possible, in fact, that the 1820 chart’s mutable grand cross captured some kind of “Big Bang” moment for our identity and deepest character as a fledgling nation. With 1820 Saturn-Pluto-Chiron (Pisces) sextile Sibly Pluto (Capricorn) and opposite Sibly Neptune, we see the intense focus on unregulated economic power and its foundational importance in our national psyche (“it’s the Economy, stupid,” as Bill Clinton put it). This tapped into and reinforced the message of the 1819 Saturn-Pluto cycle that had just launched the prior May, with roughly the same Pisces and Sagittarius placements—the feeling was palpable that there was “gold in them thar hills” and that the race was on to fulfill that heady destiny.
Heavier concerns about building a nation on the backs of slaves and the indigenous seemed totally absent at that time, but it’s more likely that long-held Sagittarian religious traditions shared by many Americans had simply found ways to justify the abuse and atrocities.
including Thomas Jefferson and a nascent abolitionist movement, however, were
starting to question all this. The Missouri
referred to as the Compromise of 1820—was signed into law on March 6, 1820 and was
an agreement between the pro- and anti-slavery factions regulating slavery in
the western territories. It prohibited slavery in new states north of the
border of the Arkansas territory, excluding Missouri. The Compromise of 1820
established a precedent for the
exclusion of slavery from public territory acquired after the Constitution, but
slave states pushed for an official recognition of slave-holding as a “freedom”
that the Constitution should guarantee to any new states seeking admission.
This was an ironic use of the word “freedom” that reflected the strong Sagittarius energy in the outer chart here—and echoes yet today, under our present mutable regime, in which debates over “religious freedom” often end up being mostly about the “right” to discriminate against others on the basis of religion.
The discord between the growing abolitionist sentiment in the free states and the quest for slave-holding “freedom” in the South became untenable with the 1850 Compromise and the Fugitive Slave Act it contained: by this time, Pluto and Chiron had been through their opposition phase (exact in late 1847, spanning Aries-Libra), and Uranus and Pluto had come together for their militant new late-Aries cycle, widely conjunct Saturn as well. So the kindling of division over Northern “tyranny” was dry and about to ignite into the Southern flames of rebellion. The Fugitive Slave Act required that all escaped slaves, upon capture, be returned to their masters and that officials and citizens of free states had to cooperate. Needless to say, this didn’t sit well with abolitionists; likewise, the election of Abraham Lincoln (natal Chart #1 below) didn’t sit well with the South and became the “last straw” before hostilities broke out. Let’s take a quick look at the Chiron-Pluto dynamics in Lincoln’s chart.
Chart #1. Abraham Lincoln, February 12, 1809, 6:54 a.m. LMT, Hodgenville, KY. Equal Houses, True Node. All charts cast, courtesy of Kepler 8.0 Cosmic Patterns software. Rodden rated B: bio/autobiographical.
Lincoln’s natal Chiron (Aquarius) rose in his 12th, squaring Uranus-No. Node (Scorpio), with Pluto (Pisces) trining that same point. He was charged with healing an entire nation, and he was probably uniquely qualified for the job, with that Chiron t-squared his Nodal Axis (Scorpio-Taurus) and Jupiter (Pisces) in mutual reception with Neptune in Sagittarius (also conjoined Saturn). He had a way of working on both sides of the slavery issue (mutable signs) towards the eventual goal of saving the Union—in fact, some historians believe that he planned to liberate the slaves only if he could save the Union in the process. Not exactly the firm ideological commitment we grow up attributing to him, but he got the job started at least.
We know where the 1850 Compromise dispute led, ultimately, of course—to the Civil War, the first battle of which (April 12,1861, Chart #2 below) also featured powerful mutable energies. Let’s take a look.
Chart #2. U.S. Civil War (Fort Sumter battle), April 12, 1861, 4:30 a.m. LMT, Fort Sumter, South Carolina. Equal Houses, True Node. All charts cast, courtesy of Kepler 8.0 Cosmic Patterns software.
A powerful Neptune in late Pisces rises here, and 12th house Chiron sits opposite Saturn (Pisces-Virgo), with that axis widely t-square Mars-Uranus (Gemini). Venus trines Jupiter from Aries to Leo. Both sides apparently felt justified and blessed in their actions—Uranus had just returned to its Sibly position (see inner chart, Biwheel #1 above) and by mid-1863, would transit Sibly Mars (Gemini) for even greater militant instability. Sun-Venus (Aries) squared Nodal Axis (Cap-Can). This Venus disposed the wealth-focused Pluto (Taurus) here: we now know in retrospect that a whole lot of people died for the economic interests of a select few in that war. Northern anti-slavery idealism and outrage over the Fugitive Slave Act was definitely a factor, but it was not likely the driving force behind the effort, except in so far as slaves themselves began fleeing to the North or escaping to fight with Union soldiers. Economic times were changing (by then, most European nations had moved beyond slavery to embrace a new economic order), so there was pressure to move along with that trend.
When the war began to wind down (it took months for every Confederate general across the nation to surrender) with an exhausted, starving Confederate army surrendering to Union general, Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House, Virginia on April 9, 1865, Chiron and Pluto were in their final quarter phase and sextile, and a straight-shooting Jupiter-Uranus opposition in mutable Sagittarius-Gemini cut through the 5th-11th axis, t-square Chiron/Neptune (midpoint, Pisces). The nation had dealt itself a major, enduring Wound with the deluded “fog” of that war, and then it assassinated the one man who might have been able to shepherd us forward more constructively.
| Lee's surrender at Appomattox began the long winding down of the Civil War.|
In the end, the uneasy truce that took months to finalize (a Texas Confederate general was the last to surrender his troops in August, 1866) was perhaps a delusion as well. The war did very little to truly change anyone’s hearts about the evils of slavery—the cessation of hostilities and the ensuing Reconstruction years merely allowed slavery to be reconstituted into the race-based caste system we still suffer from as a nation today.
This reconstitution process was probably supported by the nation’s second Chiron return in 1874 (ripping open that Wound again), which was followed closely by the 1877 Compromise (blessed by the Supreme Court in Plessy v. Ferguson) that basically opened the door for Southern states to impose Jim Crow laws and a reign of terror on freed slaves who remained in the South. This deal was worked out by Rutherford Hayes to solidify his support from Southern states in 1878. All of this would have been during the balsamic phase of the 1820 Plu-Chi cycle, so Hayes made a “deal with the Devil” that enabled the creation of what is now called systemic racism as a substitute for outright slavery, dredged up the nation’s deepest Wounds and put Americans in a perpetual Faustian trap (Chiron-Pluto in a nutshell). Needless to say, the nation crossed a karmic line in the sand at this time that we’re still paying for today.
Our Current Chiron-Pluto cycle
On December 30, 1999—just months before the attacks on the World Trade Center in New York on 9/11/2001, Chiron and Pluto conjoined at 11+Sagittarius, conjunct the Sibly ASC (12°+Sagittarius). Twenty years into this cycle we can look back and see that it has been an opportunity to deal with deep-seated Wounds around our basic way of Being in the world relative to Others (cycle point conjoins Sibly ASC)—in our midst and elsewhere.
The question going forward seems to be, will all decisions and public policies continue being made based on financial growth ambitions? In fact, the extremist version of unregulated capitalism that we have embraced so fully in our history—with the exception of the New Deal and post-WWII era—perfectly reflects our Chiron-Pluto Wound of valuing profits over lives and Nature. Notable founder of the Equal Justice Initiative, Bryan Stevenson, gives us one stark example of this dynamic from his legal work for unjustly incarcerated poor people:
“Private prison builders and prison service companies have spent millions of dollars to persuade state and local governments to create new crimes, impose harsher sentences and keep more people locked up so that they can earn more profits. Private profit has corrupted incentives to improve public safety, reduce the costs of mass incarceration, and most significantly, promote rehabilitation of the incarcerated. State governments have been forced to shift funds from public services, education, health, and welfare to pay for incarceration, and they now face unprecedented economic crises as a result. The privatization of prison health care, prison commerce, and a range of services has made mass incarceration a money-making windfall for a few and a costly nightmare for the rest of us.”
There’s an obvious racial dimension to the private prison industry’s windfall, of course—by far the majority of our unprecedented 2.3 million incarcerated citizens nationwide are people of color. When protesters say they want to “defund the police,” much needed reform of this outrageous new form of slavery is definitely part of the story.
Bottom line, if we don’t start to make public policy around something other than corporate profits, we’ll be caught in the inhumane “shadow” side of capitalism forever (Chiron-Pluto), and that’s not sustainable. If we’ve learned anything so far in this cycle, it’s that this Ayn Rand-esque approach does not work in a democratic society for the long term. Even the Earth has become an “Other” that many refuse to acknowledge has rights or interests beyond satisfying our consumption needs, and of course, our greed. We have our work cut out for us going forward to turn this approach around, and the stakes are incredibly high.
It’s certainly not difficult to imagine how the same Chironic “wounds” we’ve been dealing with forever are related to current political realities. Clearly, those wounds have been ripped even wider open than usual by a pair of overlapping trends: 1) a troubling spike in the numbers of black and brown Americans being senselessly abused and killed by police forces; and 2), the pandemic, which has placed undue burdens on the economically stressed and those who have lacked decent medical care over the years—both disproportionately represented by our citizens of color. Many such citizens are so-called “essential” workers, those who have been taking more risks (and dying in greater numbers) to keep the rest of us cared for, supplied and fed during these tough times, but their service is often taken for granted or worse—they can only hope the rest of us will be considerate enough to wear masks to protect them as well as ourselves.
The fact that an entire movement had to manifest in recent years to make the point that “black lives matter” should tell us everything we need to know about this deep karmic wound impacting the nation-at-large. To afflict anyone with the feeling that their life doesn’t matter in this world is soul-crushing beyond words—however unconsciously or unintentionally we may perpetuate the system that does the crushing. Social scientist Francis Fukuyama explains why people need to “matter” in this world as follows:
“Desire and reason are component parts of the human psyche (soul), but a third part, thymos, acts completely independently of the first two. Thymos is the seat of judgments of worth…Human beings do not just want things that are external to themselves, such as food, drink, Lamborghinis, or that next hit. They also crave positive judgments about their worth or dignity…This third part of the soul, thymos, is the seat of today’s identity politics.”
Considering all this, it should perhaps be no surprise that there’s been an amazing outpouring of enthusiasm for the coming Election, with something like 40 million early votes already cast at this writing.
So now that we’ve considered something about the role the Chiron-Pluto cycle has been playing in our history and politics, let’s move on to considering how that might manifest on this Election Day (November 3, 2020). We’ll consider Chart #3 below from that perspective.
Chart #3. Election Day 2020, November 3, 2020, 6:39 a.m. ST, Washington, D.C. Equal Houses, True Node. All charts cast, courtesy of Kepler 8.0 Cosmic Patterns software.
Scorpio rises; chart rulers Mars and Pluto fall square (Aries-Capricorn). We’ll discuss the broader Capricorn stellium-based cardinal t-square implicated here in a bit, but for now, the Mars-Pluto square certainly reflects the “no-holds-barred” nature of the election contest. Notice that this Mars conjoins Eris (Aries) and their midpoint almost exactly conjoins Sibly Chiron (see inner wheel, Biwheel #1 above)—if we didn’t know it by now, we can see it here: our “original Wounds” are being forcibly ripped open and activated by this election. My guess is, that pain is powerfully motivating people to get out and vote!
Cardinal t-square: Eris (Aries) opposes Mercury (Rx, Libra); this axis squares Pallas-Jupiter-Pluto-Saturn (Capricorn). With two new cycles (Jupiter-Pluto, Saturn-Pluto) and one very closely approaching (Jupiter-Saturn), we are going to the polls in a time of great social change and turmoil, with many concerns about systemic injustices. These concerns may be prominent between now and 2022, when Pluto finally returns to its Sibly Pluto position, and I wouldn’t expect the issues to simply recede into the background even after that. On the heels of this, the nation will experience its next Chiron return in 2024—perhaps an opportunity to work through some kind of “truth and reconciliation” process. More on all this in future posts.
Disruptive voices (Mercury Rx opposite Eris) will probably seek to overturn the results of this election, possibly by using the mechanisms of government (Jupiter-Saturn-Pluto) to do so, and as we’ll see in a bit, the mutable t-square contained in this chart could collude in that effort, but the force for forward progress is strong in this chart, and it should counter this effort to repress much-needed change. Mercury’s retrograde status here suggests a possible recount—few are expecting the process to play out entirely smoothly, but such concerns don’t seem to be stopping people from voting—hopefully a good sign.
Adding to the ferment, some experts are anticipating a long, slow national recovery from the pandemic, with high unemployment numbers for months, if not years. Then there’s the added concern that existed even before the pandemic, about what some have called the robot-driven “jobless economy;” all told, a wide swath of the American labor force (6th h. Eris-Mars) is frankly worried about the future, and that tension is certainly reflected by this t-square.
|Stimulus checks or not, joblessness creates serious pressures.|
Sun (Scorpio) opposite Uranus (Taurus), across the chart horizon (ASC-DSC); Uranus inconjoins Venus (Libra). A dawn chart is bound to show the Sun rising at the ASC, but less predictable is Uranus, setting below the horizon at the same time. Uranus rules the 4th house of the “grassroots,” here, so we probably expect to be surprised, shocked or amazed during the course of Election day. If nothing else, it’s a good sign that “it ain’t over ‘til it’s over,” and that we shouldn’t take anything for granted. As we know, Trump has been signaling his armed militia supporters to “watch what goes on” on election day very carefully—his campaign even launched a website entitled “Army for Trump” that has been recruiting supporters to engage in blatantly militant actions on his behalf. Perhaps that’s even where the militia plot to kidnap and kill Michigan’s Governor Whitmer came from, but even if it wasn’t, the potential for disruption on November 3rd seems pretty real.
Chiron expert Martin Lass attributes healing possibilities to a Venus-Uranus (Libra-Taurus) inconjunct--we might expect that this empowered Venus (dignified in Libra) will at least bless any efforts we make on that day to overcome our national Wounds: she disposes Taurus (so with Uranus, a force for change) and opposes Chiron (Aries) across the 11-5 axis. The critical role that women are playing in this election cannot be overstated here—it’s bound to be a frustrating day on many levels, but there’s a positive sense of equanimity in these Venus aspects that I find hopeful.
|Women wield power this year--we're celebrating 100 years voting! |
Mutable t-square: Nodal Axis (Gemini-Sagittarius) squares Neptune (Rx, Pisces). Even more notable than the fact that we have two strong t-squares cutting through the heart of this chart is the fact that the two t-squares play off each other so tightly. Mercury (Rx, Libra) disposes the Gemini No. Node and Jupiter (Capricorn) disposes the So. Node, so this opens the way for the tense cardinal energies at work in the first t-square to be fuel for the airy mutable Gemini trend promoted by the Nodal axis. Neptune’s position square the Nodal axis from Pisces is key here—probably reflecting the role that disinformation and downright lies in various media outlets have played this election year. The question here is, will those troubling factors be allowed to disrupt the proceedings?
Overall, I’m hopeful that a toxic Neptune will not have the final say on November 3rd—it falls quincunx MC and sextile Pallas-Jupiter, forming an interesting Yod formation that suggests a national Soul-level desire for Justice and Light that doesn’t want to take “no” for an answer.
One final Yod could lend a little extra hope to the picture: Sun (Scorpio) quincunxes Mars (Aries) and Moon-Part of Fortune (Gemini), with the latter points sextile each other. This aspect seems to privilege the popular vote (People = Moon) and to highlight the importance of (and opportunities) for action (Sun-Mars). Will there be confusion, stress, exhaustion, obfuscation, attempts to suppress the vote and all the rest? You bet—but perhaps it will feel worthwhile in the end.
Hang in there, folks—it’s almost over…Vote, Vote, Vote!!
Raye Robertson is a practicing astrologer, writer and former educator. A graduate of the Faculty of Astrological Studies (U.K.), Raye focuses on mundane, collective-oriented astrology, with a particular interest in current affairs, culture and media, the astrology of generations, and public concerns such as education and health. Several of her articles on these topics have been featured in The Mountain Astrologer and other publications over the years; see the Publication link on the home page for her two most recent publications, now available as e-books on Amazon.
For information about individual chart readings, contact: email@example.com.
© Raye Robertson 2020. All rights reserved.
Bryan Stevenson, Just Mercy: A Story of Justice and Redemption, Spiegel & Grau (Random House), New York, NY, 2015, p. 16.
Francis Fukuyama, Fukuyama, Francis. Identity . Farrar, Straus and Giroux. Kindle Edition.
Martin Lass, Musings of a Rogue Comet: Chiron, Planet of Healing, Galactic Publications, Nyack, NY, 2001, p. 384.